Recently the new National Minimum Wage Rates were announced. These hourly rates are the minimum wage you should be paid depending on your age and whether you're an apprentice.
The rates from 1 April 2021 are:
This represents a big increase for 23 & 24 year olds who were previously getting £8.20 under the National Minimum Wage rate for 2020, but have now been moved into the National Living Wage bracket.
The government has announced the biggest cash increase of the National Living Wage ever.#
From April 2020, the new rates are:
Further to these rises, the government has said it will press ahead with plans to allow workers over 21 to receive the National Living Wage by 2024 when it is set to reach £10.50 per hour.
These rates are still below the "real living wage" as calculated by the Living Wage Foundation which equates to £9.30 or £10.75 for those in London.
HMRC has issued details of the latest Advisory Fuel Rates for Company Cars which apply from 1 September 2018.
For one month from the date of change, employers may use either the previous or new current rates, as they choose. Employers may therefore make or require supplementary payments if they so wish but are under no obligation to do either.
The new rates are below (previous rate in brackets where there is a change):
Hybrid cars are treated as either petrol or diesel cars for this purpose.
The Department for Education (DfE) has confirmed the annual updates to the Interest Rates and Thresholds of Income Contingent Student Loans.
The current threshold for 2018-19 for Plan 1 is £18,330 and the DfE have confirmed that from 6 April 2019 the threshold will rise to £18,935 for Plan 1. Earnings above £18,935 will be calculated at 9%.
The current threshold for 2018-19 for Plan 2 is £25,000 and the DfE have confirmed that from 6 April 2019 the threshold for post 2012 loans will rise to £25,725 for Plan 2. Earnings above £25,725 will be calculated at 9%.
The DfE has introduced a new loan type from 6 April 2019, Postgraduate Loan (PGL). The threshold for 2019/20 is £21,000. Earnings above £21,000 for PGL will be calculated at 6%.
With effect from 6 April 2018 the minimum pension contribution rates for auto enrolment have been increased and they will increase again next year:
The minimum staff contributions depend on the amount paid into the pension by the employer, if the employer pays in more than the minimum, then the employee can pay in less to reach the total minimum level.
The National Minimum Wage (NMW) was first introduced on 1 April 1999 and since then has more than doubled. The rates of the NMW are set to increase again on 1 April 2018. Here are the rate increases.
The National Minimum Wage (NMW) was first introduced on 1 April 1999 and since then has more than doubled. The rates of the NMW are set to increase again on 1 April 2017. We take a look at the rate rises.
The Current National Minimum Wages rates are:
*Rate applies to apprentices under 19, or 19 and over in the first year of apprenticeship.
The National Minimum Wage rates from 1 April 2017 are:
Employers using the minimum wage as part of their pay policy can now budget for the year ahead on the basis that the next review (and likely increase) of the minimum wage will not be until April 2018, providing some certainty.
The 25 or over rate is actually known as the National Living Wage (NLW) and was introduced April 2016. The Government's target is for the NLW to reach 60% of median earning by 2020 (around £8.80 per hour) subject to economic growth.
Don't confuse NLW with the Living Wage
The NLW is completely separate to the Living Wage, which is calculated according to the basic cost of living in the UK. The NLW places a statutory duty on employers to pay the relevant rate, whereas the Living Wage is a rate of pay that employers can voluntarily choose to pay their workforce.
The Living Wage is set independently and updated annually by the Living Wage Foundation and has two separate rates. Since November 2016, the UK Living Wage is £8.45 per hour and the Living Wage for London, which covers all boroughs in Greater London, is £9.75 per hour. There is no penalty imposed on employers for not paying the Living Wage.
HMRC compliance activity is on the increase
You cannot contract out of paying workers the relevant minimum wage, even if a worker agrees to this in order to avoid losing their job or having working hours reduced. Any agreement made would be null and void. There are no excuses for underpaying workers what they are legally entitled to. No business is exempt from the minimum wage law, regardless of size or level of turnover. Employers must also be mindful that when seeking to take on new workers not to actively target younger people under the age of 25 in order to reduce employment costs, as this could lead to claims of age discrimination being made by potential workers.
The HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) enforcement budget was increased from £13 to £20 million in April 2016, increasing the number of compliance officers available to investigate NMW complaints. An additional £4.3 million in enforcement funding was announced in the last Autumn Statement. The Government is also to spend £1.7 million on an awareness campaign to ensure workers know how much they are legally entitled to. Every call to HMRC is followed up by a compliance officer.
Furthermore, since October 2013, the Government has under its current naming policy issued a press release “naming and shaming” 687 employers for not paying the minimum wage, with total arrears of over £3.5 million paid to underpaid workers and total penalties imposed on employers of over £1 million. Compliance action on employers from HMRC is no idle threat.
What if the minimum wage is not paid?
Employers who discover they have paid a worker below the relevant hourly pay rate must pay any arrears immediately. If HMRC discovers that an employer has not been paying the correct rates, there will be a penalty imposed.
As part of an HMRC, check into whether the minimum wage has been paid or not, compliance officers can request that employers undertake a self-review of records before any visit takes place. This exercise has the advantage that if an employer discovers underpayments of the minimum wage as part of the self-review and subsequently pays all the arrears to their workers, then a penalty will not be imposed and the business will not be “named and shamed” by HMRC.
Penalties for minimum wage underpayment
The financial penalty is calculated as a fixed percentage of the total underpayments (unpaid wages owed to workers) shown on a notice of underpayment issued by HMRC. Different penalty percentages apply as follows for pay reference periods starting:
Is doing your payroll causing you stress?
Are you getting close to your staging date for auto enrolment?
Outsource to us and we will take away the strain of payroll and auto enrolment. Our fully outsourced payroll solution includes integrated auto enrolment, so your workplace pension requirements are taken care of in one process.
We offer a friendly personal service provided by experience payroll professionals who specialise in dealing with payrolls from 1 to 100 employees along with all that entails, such as, pension deductions, holiday pay, overtime, maternity pay, sick pay etc. We will ensure all real-time information reporting is done on time to HMRC and with the introduction of auto enrolment this is a great time to pass the burden of payroll and pensions to a specialist like ourselves.
When it is time for you to begin auto enrolment, we can assess your workforce for eligibility, produce the letters that need to be sent to your employees and then arrange for the correct deductions to be made. We can then produce the necessary reports for pension providers to be uploaded.
On top of all that, we can set up a NEST pension scheme for your business and run it for you, so you have nothing to worry about. This is what sets us apart from many other payroll teams, as most are not ready for auto enrolment and cannot carry out the full administration of a pension scheme for you whereas we keep it all under one roof giving you a simple cost effective solution linking payroll, employee assessment, pension set-up and administration as well as ongoing pension support and employee communication.
How do I sign up?
We provide a free up front quote. We will discuss with you your requirements to find out exactly what you require and then give you your bespoke quote. Unlike many other payroll providers, we do not charge a set-up fee.
Just give us a call on 020 8317 6460 or complete our Contact Us form. The information we are likely to ask for includes: frequency of payroll – monthly, weekly or 4 weekly; number of employees; pension scheme set-up required?; type of pay – hourly, salaried; any other regular additions/deductions?
Last year the government introduced the Marriage Tax Allowance, which is a way for couples to transfer a proportion of their personal allowance between them.
So far supposedly 3.7 million of the 4.2 million eligible couples are not claiming the allowance and are missing out. You could be entitled to a tax break of £432 if you claim back last years allowance of £212 and this years allowance of £220.
Couples who can get the allowance must:
So how does it work?
It is really quite simple, the non-taxpayer in the couple can either complete the application form at HM Revenue & Customs or call 0300 200 3300. You will need to know both of your National Insurances numbers.
Once you have applied and it has been accepted, there is nothing more to do, if both of you become taxpayers, then HMRC will make the necessary changes, otherwise the allowance will continue each year.
Auto enrolment and you
The law on workplace pensions has changed. All employers are legally required to automatically enrol certain staff into a workplace pension scheme and make contributions. You will also have to tell your staff about the scheme you put them in and allow other staff to join if they request to do so.
The Pensions Regulator is the UK regulator of work-based pensions schemes. This post contains information and guidance provided by the regulator to help you comply with the law.
Auto Enrolment: The Main Steps
Know when you need to be ready
You must be ready to start enrolling staff from your staging date. This date will appear on letters from The Pensions Regulator to you about auto enrolment. If you don’t have a copy of that letter, you can find out your staging date by entering your PAYE reference into a tool on The Pensions Regulator website: www.tpr.gov.uk/staging-date
Provide a point of contact
There are several things that you need to do to be ready for auto enrolment. You are able to sign up to The Pensions Regulator emails which provide help and guidance. To make sure the right person in your organisation receives these email updates go to: www.tpr.gov.uk/nominate-contact
Develop your initial plans
Employers have found that they need to start preparing up to a year prior to their staging date, so you should start making plans in good time. There is an auto enrolment planner on The Pensions Regulator website to help you to prepare. It shows you what you should do and by when as your staging date approaches: www.tpr.gov.uk/planner
You will need to pay a regular contribution into the pensions of your eligible staff. To get an idea of the amount, you may find The Pensions Regulator online calculator useful: www.tpr.gov.uk/calculate
There may be other costs to consider, such as setting up your workplace pension scheme, getting the right software to manage auto enrolment and any independent advice you might decide to take.
Find out who to enrol
You will have to assess all your staff for eligibility but you may not have to automatically enrol all of them. The table below outlines your duties depending on the salary of your staff member.
Figures correct as of 2014/15. *SPA= state pension age
It’s against the law to take any action to induce anyone to opt out. Examples of this could include persuading or forcing staff to opt out by offering them a cash bonus to do so, or withholding a pay increase until they opt out.
Choose your software and check records
You’ll need to know who has to be automatically enrolled and who can ask to join your pension scheme.
Payroll software which is specifically tailored to auto enrolment will help you keep track of the ages and earnings of all your staff and will tell you what you need to do for each of them. If you run your own payroll, you may already know whether this is built in. If someone else manages your payroll for you, you will need to ask them. You should also test your software well ahead of your staging date, to make sure it works.
Taking the time to get your staff and payroll records in order ahead of your staging date is essential. You must be able to provide information to your workplace pension scheme in the correct format. Make sure the necessary records are easily to hand and that you have correct information about your staff before your staging date, including; dates of birth, National Insurance numbers and latest contact details.
Choose a pension scheme
If you have an existing scheme for your workplace (perhaps called a ‘stakeholder scheme’) you should check with your pension provider to see if you can use it for auto enrolment.
If you need to open a new scheme, make sure you approach a pension provider in good time because they will be taking on thousands of employers in the coming months. Don’t leave it too late.
The Government has set up a pension scheme called the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST) to accept all employers wishing to use the scheme for auto enrolment. This is one option, and there are other providers available.
Automatically enrol your staff
At your staging date you will need to identify which members of staff you will automatically enrol and which will have a right to join your workplace pension scheme on request.
By this point you will already know what information your scheme provider wants from you, so make sure you send this to them promptly.
Make sure you pay the contributions across to the pension scheme before the deadline your provider has given you.
Tell your staff
After your staging date, you must write to your staff about how auto enrolment affects them. Your pension scheme provider may provide template letters for you to use, or you could use The Pensions Regulator website: www.tpr.gov.uk/writing
Complete your declaration of compliance
You must complete your declaration of compliance when you’ve automatically enrolled your members of staff. This confirms to The Pensions Regulator that you have fulfilled your legal duties.
As with real-time PAYE, you must keep records of your auto enrolment activities. This will include the information you sent to your pension provider, and copies of any opt-out requests you receive.
Fulfil ongoing responsibilities
For auto enrolment there are minimum contributions you must pay in order to comply with your duties. These are a percentage of earnings and are shown in the table below.
Your worker may also pay pension contributions, which you will need to make sure you deduct and pay to the scheme on time.
Auto enrolment is not just something that happens at your staging date - it is an ongoing duty. You’ll need to check every payday to see whether any of the members of staff who weren’t automatically enrolled are now entitled to be put into the pension scheme (for example reached 22).
After you have automatically enrolled your staff members, they may ask to ‘opt out’ of the pension scheme. You must then stop deductions of contributions and arrange a refund of any contributions they have paid to date. Staff who have not been automatically enrolled may ask to join your workplace pension scheme. If you receive such a request, your software should help you process this.
SWPay: Helping you with Auto Enrolment
Our payroll software is Auto Enrolment ready and is set up to produce the pension reports required by the following pension providers; Friends Life, Scottish Widows, Standard Life, NEST and The People’s Pension. Furthermore we are able to act as the Penson Administrator for your NEST scheme if you choose this option, which means we can carry out most of the onerous tasks that Auto Enrolment requires.
We currently prepare the payroll for a large number of employers and already prepare pensions reports for a number of these.
If we do not currently prepare the payroll for your employees, then we may be able to reduce the burden of these new regulations.
Whether you have one employee or 100, we can prepare all the calculations for you, ensure all the data is RTI compliant, supply security payslips and even provide a payment service for paying your employees efficiently and on-time.
Not only will this mean one less thing to worry about, it also allows your valuable time to be directed at more productive and profitable tasks.
For further information about our Payroll Bureau service and how we can help you with Auto Enrolment please give us a call on 020 8317 6460 and we will be pleased to have a free consultation to discuss your situation.